PhoenixNAP Brings Scalability to Metadata Search

Scale-out object storage holds data while Intel® Optane™ DC persistent memory keeps a cache for accelerated performance.

Data centers and the rising numbers of connected devices generate a huge amount of metadata. Companies need an effective way to store and search it, to help them manage their infrastructure and detect security breaches. Using phoenixNAP Elasticsearch* Service, companies can now store their data in scale-out object storage instead of memory and keep a cache in Intel® Optane™ DC persistent memory to accelerate performance.

Challenge

  • Storing and analyzing the growing volumes of metadata can be challenging, yet it is necessary for managing the IT estate and its security.
  • Logs may be distributed across different cloud platforms, making it difficult to build a holistic picture of a particular event or user journey.
  • Elasticsearch provides a solution, but the clustering requires ongoing management and data is typically kept in flash storage, which may be prohibitively expensive as data volumes rise.

Solution

  • PhoenixNAP Elasticsearch Service enables companies to easily deploy Elasticsearch to search across data in different cloud locations.
  • Using Vizion.AI’s technology, the service enables affordable object storage to be used for 90 percent of the data.
  • The other 10 percent is a cache of the hottest data, which is stored in Intel Optane DC persistent memory, providing near-memory speeds at affordable large capacities.

Results

  • Using Intel Optane DC persistent memory for the cache cut latency by 80 percent and accelerated indexing by 3x compared to hosting the solution in a hyperscale cloud environment.1
  • PhoenixNAP customers can now analyze the metadata stored in phoenixNAP’s data centers without needing to validate the data sovereignty of a new provider.
  • The cloud service provider (CSP) can also sell the service to new customers that need an easier way to make sense of their metadata.

Managing huge volumes of metadata
By 2025, the Internet of Things (IoT) will be generating 79.4 zettabytes of data a year, according to IDC.2 That’s roughly 79.4 billion terabytes. Along with all the data people want comes metadata: data about the data, such as logs. That will play a role in this data growth and will need to be managed and analyzed. This will intensify a problem that companies already face: Many digital assets, including servers and applications, are generating logs that they must analyze to manage their IT performance and help to protect its security.

These logs might be distributed across different cloud platforms, and finding any single data point can mean huge volumes of data need to be searched. Often multiple data points will need to be correlated. If there is a security incident, for example, companies might need to quickly trace the activities of a user across all the logs within a particular time period. The longer that takes, the greater the risk to the business.

Many companies are looking for a cloud-native platform that will enable them to not only store, but also to search and analyze, their growing metadata logs. Elasticsearch is an open source search engine that could be used, but it typically requires the data to be stored on flash storage media, which may be unsustainably expensive as data volumes grow.

Additionally, deployment and management of Elasticsearch can be demanding. Customers might need to launch six virtual machines before they can get their first data in and will need to monitor data volumes so they can delete data or expand the cluster when it fills.

Putting the data into a hyperscale cloud environment may be cheaper, but it still requires ongoing cluster management by the user and does not take advantage of low-cost object storage.

Cloud customers are looking for a solution that overcomes these limitations, to easily and quickly analyze their metadata, while taking advantage of the economics of open source software.

Introducing phoenixNAP Elasticsearch* Service
CSP phoenixNAP worked with Vizion.AI and Intel to launch the phoenixNAP Elasticsearch Service. This service enables companies to easily deploy Elasticsearch to analyze data across their multi-cloud environment. Only the hottest 10 percent of data needs to be stored in fast storage: the rest can be kept in the cloud using object storage, with Vizion.AI’s solution taking care of compression, deduplication, encryption, and transport to and from the cloud. Using the cloud for the bulk of the metadata can dramatically cut the cost, compared to keeping it in flash storage.

Customers order the solution through a portal and the set-up and management is automated, resolving one of the pain points with Elasticsearch. Because the solution is based on a microservice rather than a managed infrastructure pool, customers no longer need to monitor their data volumes. The object storage on the back-end scales to accommodate data as it comes in.

Figure 1 shows a simplified architecture of the solution. Customer workloads run in containers and are orchestrated using Kubernetes*. Because the infrastructure is shared across hundreds of clients, there are significant economies of scale, compared to a company setting up its own Elasticsearch cluster.

Figure 1. The phoenixNAP Elasticsearch* Service enables object storage to be used for scale-out storage of metadata which can be searched and analyzed using Elasticsearch. The solution is based on the 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor family with Intel® Optane™ DC persistent memory.

Vizion.AI’s parent company Panzura* provides an intermediary layer that can translate between data center storage protocols, and cloud-native object storage. This enables Elasticsearch (and other applications) running in the data center to access cloud storage without modification, with the in-memory cache helping to deliver high performance.

The underlying server hardware is powered by the 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor family with Intel Optane DC persistent memory. Intel Optane DC persistent memory enables CSPs to unlock a unique combination of affordable large capacities, with near memory performance. Physically, Intel Optane DC persistent memory is compatible with DRAM and plugs into the same DIMM slots. The persistent memory is used for caching the hottest 10 percent of data.

“The nice thing about using Intel Optane DC persistent memory is that it’s not disruptive to app deployment. We look at the world from a Kubernetes perspective, and persistent memory looks to us just like another storage resource. We get efficiencies out of the box, without having to change any code. Having our solution accelerated by Intel Optane DC persistent memory enables us to achieve cost efficiencies too, compared to using a hyperscale cloud provider.”— Geoff Tudor, vice president and general manager of Vizion.AI

The virtualization layer is based on VMware vSphere* 6.7, which supports Intel Optane DC persistent memory.

Vizion.AI measured the performance of the infrastructure using persistent memory and compared it to the speed of its software running in a public cloud service. The company found that the phoenixNAP implementation was 3x faster at indexing and digitizing documents.1. There was also an 80 percent reduction in latency, which is particularly important when using any identified issues to trigger an incident response in real time.1

“The nice thing about using Intel Optane DC persistent memory is that it’s not disruptive to app deployment,” said Geoff Tudor, vice president, and general manager of Vizion.AI. “We look at the world from a Kubernetes perspective, and persistent memory looks to us just like another storage resource. We get efficiencies out of the box, without having to change any code. Having our solution accelerated by Intel Optane DC persistent memory enables us to achieve cost efficiencies too, compared to using a hyperscale cloud provider.”

With several hundred customer containers on each server, improvements in the indexing of new content and latency in real-time search help avoid contention on the server and improve the customer experience.

Intel Is an Ally
Intel has a close working relationship with phoenixNAP, including helping the company to develop and market new services. To accelerate the launch of phoenixNAP Elasticsearch Service, Intel provided phoenixNAP with early access to Intel Optane DC persistent memory, and the 2nd gen Intel Xeon Scalable processor, which is required to use it. Intel was on hand to offer support with implementing the solution, and with fine-tuning it to improve performance.

Differentiating with Elasticsearch*
The cloud market is intensely competitive, so phoenixNAP differentiates from hyperscale providers by offering a cloud environment that is optimized for particular applications and enhanced with value-added services.

The launch of the new Elasticsearch service enables phoenixNAP to provide more value to its existing customers, by giving them new ways to manage their data within the phoenixNAP cloud. For customers subject to regulation, that means there’s no need to validate the data sovereignty or security of a new solution provider.

The new service can also help to attract new business. Because the solution works across cloud environments, it does not require the bulk of the data to be stored in phoenixNAP’s data center. New customers may choose to migrate data to phoenixNAP, or may prefer to take advantage of the ease of deployment phoenixNAP offers as they access third-party cloud storage locations.

Vizion.AI and phoenixNAP are working together on marketing the solution to build their joint customer base.

Lessons Learned
There are several lessons from phoenixNAP and Vizion.AI’s experience launching the new service.

  • “Matching the workload to an optimized infrastructure can deliver huge savings,” said Geoff Tudor. “Using Intel® Optane™ DC persistent memory, I can get more processing done than I could on an equivalent hardware platform without persistent memory.”
  • Code modifications are not always required to benefit from Intel Optane DC persistent memory. VMware vSphere* 6.7 is compatible with persistent memory, for example, out of the box.
  • Intel works with cloud service providers (CSPs) to help them to create and launch new services, including the new phoenixNAP Elasticsearch* Service.
Spotlight on PhoenixNAP
Founded in 2009, phoenixNAP is a global IT services provider offering cloud, dedicated server, colocation, and infrastructure as a service (IaaS) technology solutions. PhoenixNAP is a Premier Service Provider in the VMware vCloud Air* Network Program and is a Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) Validated Service Provider. Its flagship facility in Phoenix, Arizona, is Service Organization Controls (SOC) Type 1 and SOC Type 2 audited.
 
Technical Components of the Solution
  • Elasticsearch*. Elasticsearch is open source software that provides a distributed, multitenant-capable full text search engine.
  • Panzura* Storage Layer. The Panzura Storage Layer provides an intermediary between data center storage protocols and cloud storage protocols, enabling data center applications to use cloud storage without modification.
  • 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor. The 2nd gen Intel Xeon Scalable processor provides the foundation for a powerful data center platform that creates a leap in agility and scalability. Disruptive by design, this innovative processor sets a new level of platform convergence and capabilities across compute, storage, memory, network, and security. Enterprises and cloud and communications service providers can now drive forward their most ambitious digital initiatives with a feature-rich, highly versatile platform.
  • Intel® Optane™ DC persistent memory. Intel Optane DC persistent memory is a new class of memory that brings greater capacity to the cores – terabytes instead of gigabytes per platform – and is accessible over the memory bus. This revolutionary technology delivers a unique combination of affordable large capacity and support for data persistence. It is supported by 2nd gen Intel Xeon Scalable processors.

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Avisos e isenções de responsabilidade

Os recursos e benefícios das tecnologias Intel® dependem da configuração do sistema e podem exigir hardware habilitado, ativação de software ou de serviço. O desempenho varia dependendo da configuração do sistema. Nenhum sistema de computador é totalmente seguro. Consulte o fabricante ou o revendedor de seu sistema, ou saiba mais em https://www.intel.com. // Talvez o software e as cargas de trabalho utilizados nos testes de desempenho tenham sido otimizados apenas para desempenho em microprocessadores Intel®. Testes de desempenho, como SYSmark e MobileMark, são medidos usando sistemas de computação, componentes, software, operações e funções específicos. Qualquer modificação em algum desses fatores pode provocar variação nos resultados. Consulte outras informações e outros testes de desempenho para ajudá-lo a avaliar melhor as suas compras, incluindo o desempenho desse produto quando combinado com outros produtos. Para obter informações mais completas, acesse https://www.intel.com/benchmarks. // Os resultados de desempenho são baseados em testes realizados na data estabelecida nas configurações e podem não refletir todas as atualizações de segurança disponíveis ao público. Para obter detalhes, consulte a publicação da configuração. Nenhum produto ou componente pode ser totalmente seguro. // Os cenários de redução de custos descritos destinam-se a servir de exemplos de como um determinado produto baseado na tecnologia Intel®, dentro das circunstâncias e configurações especificadas, pode afetar custos futuros e proporcionar economia. As circunstâncias variarão. A Intel não garante nenhum custo ou redução de custo. // A Intel não controla nem audita dados de benchmarks de terceiros nem os sites citados neste documento. Visite o site citado e verifique a precisão dos dados mencionados. // Em alguns casos de teste, alguns resultados foram estimados ou simulados usando análise interna da Intel ou simulação de arquitetura ou modelagem, e fornecidos para fins informativos. Qualquer diferença no hardware, software ou na configuração do seu sistema pode afetar o desempenho real.

Informações de produto e desempenho

1

Talvez o software e as cargas de trabalho utilizados nos testes de desempenho tenham sido otimizados apenas para desempenho em microprocessadores Intel®. Configurações: indexação de até 3x e diminuição da latência de cache de 80% - com base nos testes phoenixNAP e Panzura a partir de março de 2019 na Elasticsearch: processador Intel® Xeon® Gold 6230, memória total de 256 GB de RAM, 1,5 TB de memória persistente Intel® Optane™ DC , HyperThreading: Ativado, Turbo: Ativado, ucode: 0x043, SO: ('centos-release-7-5.1804.el7.centos.x86_64'), Kernel: (3.10.0-862) vs. AWS i3xlarge (Intel) Instance , Elasticsearch, Memória: 30,5 GB, Hypervisor: KVM, Tipo de armazenamento: EBS otimizado, Volume do disco: 160 GB, Armazenamento total: 960 GB, Versão do Elasticsearch: 6.3.